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Tuesday, 27 February 2024 00:00

Foot and ankle swelling, medically known as peripheral edema, can be a distressing symptom with various underlying causes. One common reason for swelling is fluid retention, which can occur due to prolonged standing or sitting, especially in hot weather. Another culprit is injury or trauma to the foot or ankle, leading to inflammation and fluid accumulation in the affected area. Medical conditions such as venous insufficiency, deep vein thrombosis, or lymphatic obstruction can also result in swelling. Furthermore, heart failure, kidney disease, liver disease, and certain medications can contribute to fluid retention and subsequent swelling in the lower extremities. Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menstruation may cause temporary swelling. Lifestyle factors, like excessive salt intake, poor diet, obesity, and lack of physical activity, can cause swelling. Identifying the underlying cause of foot and ankle swelling is essential for effective management and prevention of complications. If your feet or ankles are swollen, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can determine the cause and offer appropriate relief and treatment solutions.

Swollen feet can be a sign of an underlying condition. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Larry Cohen of New York City. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Swollen feet are a common ailment among pregnant women and people who stand or sit for extended periods. Aging may increase the possibility of swollen feet and patients who are obese often notice when their feet are swelling too. There may be medical reasons why swollen feet occur:

  • Phlebitis - A condition that causes the veins to become inflamed and can also cause leg pain.
  • Liver disease - This may lead to low blood levels of albumin which is a protein. This can cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues and several areas of the body can become swollen.
  • Heart failure - When the heart doesn’t pump properly the blood that is normally pumped back to the heart can pool in the veins of the legs causing swollen feet.
  • Kidney disease - One of the main functions of the kidneys is releasing excess fluid in the body. This type of condition can make it difficult for the kidneys to function properly, and as a result the feet may become swollen.
  • Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT)- This is a serious condition where blood clots form in the veins of the legs. They can block the return of blood from the legs to the heart which may cause the feet to swell. It is important to be treated by a podiatrist if this condition is present.

Swollen feet can also be caused by bone and tendon conditions, including fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Additionally, there may be skin and toenail conditions and an infection may cause the feet to swell. Patients who take medicine to treat high blood pressure may be prone to getting swollen feet. 

Many patients elevate their feet to help relieve the swelling and this is generally a temporary remedy. When a podiatrist is consulted the reason behind the swelling can be uncovered and subsequently treated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Midtown, Manhattan . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.


 

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Tuesday, 20 February 2024 00:00

Hereditary multiple exostoses, or HME, is a rare genetic condition causing benign cartilage tumors to form near bone growth areas. It is often inherited, more commonly from the father. While it mostly affects males and is usually diagnosed before the age of 10, females can also carry and pass on the condition. These tumors, known as osteochondromas, can develop in various bones, such as in the feet. They can lead to discomfort, especially if the tumors press against nerves or surrounding tissues. Additionally, as the tumors grow, they can cause mechanical pain, specifically if they interfere with joint movement or cause bone deformities. Treatment typically involves surgical removal when symptoms arise or if there is a risk of cancerous changes. If you have foot pain, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist. Despite its rarity, HME can significantly affect individuals' daily lives, emphasizing the importance of early diagnosis and appropriate management.

Some foot conditions may require additional professional care. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Larry Cohen of New York City. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Rare Foot Conditions

The majority of foot conditions are common and can be treated by a podiatrist.  Standard diagnostic procedures are generally used to identify specific conditions and treatment can be rendered. A podiatrist also treats rare foot conditions which can be difficult to diagnose and may need extra attention and care. 

There are many rare foot conditions that can affect children. Some of these can include:

  • Freiberg’s disease
  • Kohler’s disease
  • Maffucci syndrome

Freiberg’s disease - This can be seen as a deterioration and flattening of a metatarsal bone that exists in the ball of the foot. It typically affects pre-teen and teenage girls, but can affect anyone at any age. Symptoms that can accompany this can be swelling, stiffness, and the patient may limp. 

Kohler’s disease - This often targets the bone in the arch of the foot and affects younger boys. It can lead to an interruption of the blood supply which ultimately can lead to bone deterioration. The patient may limp or experience tenderness, swelling, and redness.

Maffucci syndrome - This affects the long bones in a child’s foot leading to the development of abnormal bone lesions. They are benign growths and typically develop in early childhood and the bones may be susceptible to breaking. 

A podiatrist can properly diagnose and treat all types of rare foot conditions. If your child is affected by any of these symptoms or conditions, please don’t hesitate to call our office so the correct treatment method can begin.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Midtown, Manhattan . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.
 

Read more about Rare Foot Conditions
Tuesday, 13 February 2024 00:00

Selecting the right pair of running shoes is vital for both comfort and performance. Start by understanding your foot type and running gait, as this will influence the type of shoe you need. Consider factors such as arch height, pronation, and foot width to determine the appropriate level of support and cushioning. Next, prioritize fit, and your running shoes should feel snug but not constrictive, with ample room in the toe box to prevent discomfort and injuries such as black toenails or blisters. Look for shoes with breathable materials to promote airflow and prevent moisture buildup, reducing the risk of fungal infections. Additionally, consider the terrain and distance you'll be running, as different shoes are designed for various surfaces and distances. Finally, it is beneficial to include durability and quality in your shoe choice. This can consist of investing in well-constructed shoes from reputable brands to ensure longevity and support for your running endeavors. By carefully considering these factors, you can find the perfect pair of running shoes to support your fitness journey and enhance your running experience. If you are seeking additional knowledge about what to look for in running shoes, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist who can provide you with pertinent information.

You should always make sure your running shoes fit properly in order to avoid injury. For more information, contact Dr. Larry Cohen from New York City. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Choosing the Right Running Shoe for Your Foot Type

Improper shoe sizing can cause a myriad of problems for your feet. Shoes that don’t fit you properly can lead to muscular imbalances in your body, which can result in foot, knee, and hip injuries.

Tips for Finding the Right Running Shoe

  • Make sure you have a thumb’s width of wiggle room between the end of your longest toe and the front of the shoe.
  • There should be little to no slipping at the heel
  • Don’t assume your size in one shoe brand will be your size in another
  • Do not lace up your shoes too tightly
  • Walk around in the store with your new shoes before you buy them

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our our office located in Midtown, Manhattan . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Choosing the Right Running Shoe
Monday, 12 February 2024 00:00

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